Sunday, December 30, 2012

Laruelle on ethics and aesthetics

First, a newly translated and freely available essay, "The Concept of an Ordinary Ethics or Ethics Founded in Man" (translated by Taylor Adkins).

Second, videos of "Lectures on the Generic Orientation of Non-Standard Aesthetics," from the Weisman art museum (filmed by Cory Strand).

HT to Univocal Publishing.

Monday, December 24, 2012

Malabou on Epigenetics and Plasticity



Catherine Malabou, philosopher and author, talking about the relationship between genetics and the philosophical concept of life. In this lecture Catherine Malabou discusses the mechanization of life, Derrida's concept of the trace as bare life, epigenetics as the transformation of genetic code and the development of the brain in relationship to Michel Foucault, Girogio Agamben, Jacques Derrida, Martin Heidegger, François Jacob, Daniel Dennet and Thomas Jenuwein focusing on determinism, fragility, zoe, bios, dasein, stem cells, the passage from genotype to phenotype, interfering RNA, neural plasticity, symbolic life and biology. Public open lecture for the students and faculty of the European Graduate School EGS Media and Communication Studies department program Saas-Fee Switzerland Europe. 

Published December 24th, 2012. 

Monday, December 17, 2012

Laruelle and ecology (MP3 download)



François Laruelle - The Degrowth of Philosophy: Towards a Generic Ecology  
Professor Laruelle has taught at both the University of Paris X and the Collège international de philosophie, and is a Visiting Professor at the London Graduate School, Kingston University. He is the author of over twenty books, including Les philosophies de la différence (1986), Principes de la non-philosophie (1996), Le Christ futur (2002), and, most recently, Le Concept de non-photographie and Anti-Badiou (both 2011) – all of which have either just appeared or will soon appear in English translation. A number of collections of new essays on Laruelle will also appear this year.

Over this forty year period, Laruelle has constructed one of the most demanding, methodical, and provocative intellectual practices in contemporary theory – an absolutely immanent materialism of thought. The purpose of these series of talks at the LGS will be both to cover the conceptual background to Non-Standard Philosophy and to explore its consequences for theory throughout the arts, sciences, and humanities.
 From December 10th, 2012 - London Graduate School, LGS Seminars.

Sunday, December 9, 2012

Lakota wolf preserve (PHOTOS & VIDEO)

Photos HERE, video clip HERE.

Nature's Sublime review (Chapter Four)

PORTRAIT: Robert S. Corrington
In Chapter Four, "Genius, Art, and the Sublime," Robert S. Corrington continues to emphasize the god-ing aspect of involution and its role within an "aesthetic naturalism."  So far, ordinal phenomenology and ordinal psychoanalysis have informed each other as modes of query - and figures ranging from Justus Buchler, to Ralph Waldo Emerson, to Charles Sanders Peirce, to Arthur Schopenhauer, have all come into play.  In this final chapter, creativity and the psychopathology of creativity's affects upon the individual are brought into play in terms of how the individual comes into touch with natura naturans through "radiant" orders of nature, natura naturata.

Corrington begins with Schopenhauer's aesthetics, stating that only the genius, a romantic higher faculty, can wrestle with eternal Forms and capture them in an artistic expression which reveals something finally ultimate or extraordinary.  Put succinctly, "The encounter with art requires a special kind of consciousness that transcends our everyday instrumental forms of interacting with the environment."  A certain type of perception is under discussion here, one which occurs in a way that elevates subject and object at the same instant.  As Corrington explains,
The subject and the object elevate each other at the same instant.  The work of art holds forth its Platonic Forms and makes them available to the attending consciousness, which in its place turns its back on the Will and lets the Forms caress it and momentarily lift it outside of the rush of temporality and the crush of space.  The encounter with a genuine work of art, that is, one created by a genius, stops time and space however briefly, from consuming their children.  In that sense art and its assimilation is anti-entropic.  In the “timeless” time of art one is freed from the pain and suffering of the Will to Life.  And with the coming-into-presence of the Forms the basic architectonic of nature announces itself.
From here the discussion turns toward the larger question of relating the social role of art to the process of individuation.  "Does art have a quasi-religious role to play in shaping communal values or is it a potential replacement of religion?"  Art is said to "reawaken the sensual," to "desublimate" tribal longings which potentially may crush meaningful "identity bonds" within the community.  On Corrington's view, religions are "innately tribal" where art, on the other hand, "struggles toward the universal through the depth-dimension of the human process.  "Altruism easily extends to kinship and to reciprocal forms."  Art goes "beyond the interest of the tribe," beyond the god or goddess of the tribe, and toward that which is most encompassing and sustaining.

Corrington at this point seems to be walking a fine line, and acknowledges that Kant, at least in his ethics (but also within the Kantian "religion within the limits of reason alone"), struggled to create a universal logical foundation for ethics that transcended religion.  But this sort of universality was grounded in human reason, rather than within the internal forces of a nature that is not noumenal (cut off from human access and relegated to an "as-if") but phenomenal - directly evident to the human through non-cognitive faculty as the human, being fully natural, is at one with these forces, indeed is, at least in part, created by them.  It is the "naturalness" of the universality in question which Corrington finds useful, not the rational per se (the "concept").  It is in the sensate notion or tendency of the concept that the aesthetic finds its home.  The reader must be careful here: indeed Corrington is drawing on Kant, but we see, again, the influence of German idealism. Interestingly, Corrington seems to be drawing on the likes of Schelling and Hegel, but also the American tradition, mostly in Peirce (who was influenced by German idealism and romanticism in the same way).  Corrington writes, and I quote at length to make the point,
I intend to show that religion surpasses itself, and thereby becomes deeply ethical, when it sublates itself into the aesthetic.  The telos, if you will, of religion is to become the liberating sphere of art and the aesthetic.  This radicalizes Kant’s project but has some of its warrant in Kant himself, as we shall see...Peirce has his own ranking of the normative disciplines and makes aesthetics foundational for ethics on the grounds that aesthetics concerns the summum bonum, that which is admirable per se.  It is given to perception in a direct way and provides the norm for all other realms of value.  The current perspective (aesthetic naturalism) follows Peirce here and places aesthetics at the foundation of the normative disciples.  
 The claim is that religion, given its ordinal complexity, is prone to tribalization, moreso than the aesthetic which is its foundation, as aesthetics is the foundation of ethics as well.  Expanding upon the Schellingean thesis that art is to crown theology, Corrington links "god-ing" with aesthetic fulfillment, to a sublime that "lives on the other side of all religious revelations with their limiting and limited tribal content."  The encounter with art and the sublime is the culminating point of any individuating process - whether personal or communal.

From this point Corrington moves forward to what exactly points toward the religio-sublime in artworks.  He develops a new concept which he calls "radiance" (claritas).  The radiance of the aesthetic lifts out of the "normal" or "ordinary" sphere of life the unity of harmonious parts which is self-standing (a Form).  This "standing-forth" of radiance and clarity calls attention in such a way that our "everyday trafficking" with objects becomes an engagement with the aesthetic object as such (identified as such, as an "artful" object, one which is radiant).  But here we must ask: why are some objects likely to bear radiance and others not?  Why do some objects "break out" from the ordinary into the extraordinary?

In Corrington's work the role of radiance was had by "sacred folds."  Here we see that it is the "radiance" of sacred folds which calls the attention of human query.  Other factors are at work as well.  In addition to radiance there must be "a gestalt of grace," a calling to a "higher order arrangement of the Forms of the work of art into a vibrating totality that is a harmony of contrasts."  And thus, "Beauty is what emerges from this rich field of struggle."  It is the beauty which "speaks to all aesthetic agents," even if there is at first puzzlement or discord over its meaning.  

The argument is that nature, in its "extra-human sense" (thus not exactly "non-human" but a "non-order" which encompasses any and all orders) permits the participation of any and all orders "within" it.  Having no exteriority, being no "whole," lacking any numerical identity (and thus not being a "One" with some definite border), what presents itself is transcendence as such.  A dynamic sublime rather than a froze and static one, an actualizing infinite rather than a cold and circumscribed infinite.  But again, this is no "supernatural" or even "religious" revelation, advent, or ecstatic experience.  The experience seems to be "without specific semiotic content."  At core is the experience of the "power" and "potency" of a meaning horizon, of an origin that seeks its own fulfillment.  The self can arrive at these outer edge horizons and experience "culminating" moments of its own existence.  Corrington summarizes that, "For Jaspers the technical term for this reality is the Encompassing.  The sublime can be called the Encompassing in this specific sense; namely, as that which can never be encompassed, but which encompasses any and all meaning horizons, both personal and communal." 

In the end, the argument of the book is that "the sublime is a reality in itself rather than a mere subjective state that befalls human consciousness."  Religion, being tribal, must give way toward the aesthetic, or an aesthetic "religion" whose universality derives not from finite human reason but from an Absolute outside, an encompassing of which the human is merely a part.  It is not that this encompassing is God.  Though the involution of the potencies of the encompassing, through their shock to that which is finite, may feel religious, it is better to say that this is an "artful" or aesthetic experience, not one of a specific tribal divinity.

I see this book as an important step in the Corringtonian naturalism that has been in development for well over three decades.  At this juncture Corrington has taken the "ecstatic" character of his naturalism and firmly implanted it within the domain of aesthetics, rather than religion.  But this is not to say that theology no longer has a place for him.  Instead, art is the crowning achievement of his theology.  It is the domain of a universality common to all beings, one that extends beyond the pretenses of human reason and seeks to point toward those conditions of origin which sustain and encompass the living and the dead, the material and the spiritual.  I think that those who read Corrington will find this book informative and enjoyable, specifically because it takes those themes found in his previous books (ordinal phenomenology, psychoanalysis, but also "sacred folds," the Encompassing, art, the idea of community, and so on) and elaborates upon them in such a way that one can practically transform the role of art as it stands with respect to religion and the community.

From this point forward I think that "Corrington 3" will be creating even more original theses within the domains of aesthetics and theology in ways that further conjoin his previous interests in semiotics and psychoanalysis, phenomenology and pragmatism, and American and continental philosophy.  It would be interesting to see Corrington appropriate contemporary "speculative" philosophers in the continental tradition especially, those who do use aesthetics as a prominent arena of research within their own work, considering that Corrington himself is emblematic of contemporary speculative philosophy within the tradition of philosophical naturalism - a naturalism that now has crowned itself with aesthetics.

Friday, December 7, 2012

Nature's Sublime review (Chapter Two and Chapter Three)

PORTRAIT: Robert S. Corrington
Chapter Two, "Communal Vistas" is a discussion about trans-individual forms of the selving process or "individuation."  A major component of this chapter is the use of sign and symbol within communities.  Here semiotics makes its major appearance in the book, as does the ordinal phenomenological description of semiotic structures.  Ordinal psychoanalysis then discloses the forms of pathology present within the semiosis of community.  Normative analyses of "positive forms of semiosis" are reserved for the last chapter.

After Corrington presents some of the basics of semiotics and describes that discipline's relationship to the notion of "community" (done with plenty of Peirce in mind), the question is raised as to whether an Absolute sign "container/creator" is needed in order to explain the "actual infinite of semiosis that envelopes the finite sign user."  Corrington's novel approach suggests that "no," the self-linkage of signs is able to account for the actual/actualizing infinitude of semiosic process.  The key is that signs tend to function with a simple kind of isomorphism, "likeness drawn to likeness."  At points in Corrington's discussion about the self-linking nature of signs, based on isomorphic tendencies and relationships, I am reminded of Bergson but also Garbiel Tarde who had similar views about fundamental modes of communication (and symbolic exchange) between living beings, where beings tend to mimic each other with positive likenesses.  The totality of signings is said to be no sort of exteriority and thus cannot be said to be a "whole."  Rather, semiosic activity is always an actualizing, making a semiotic space for itself against a present horizon of meaning intelligibility.  In this way Corrington avoids deifying of the semiosic universe as a "closed" living entity.  He is not a panpsychist but states clearly that nature is the semiosic activitiy of natura naturans, a realm which is in itself devoid of self-reflective mind yet capable of producing semiotic sign-structures, natura naturata.

The relationship between Corrington's "aesthetic naturalism" and theology is complex.  While there is no "God" per se, or at the least "God" is one order among innumerable others (where this particular order for Corrington does not possess distinct ontological integrity - though is no more or less real than any other order - as it is in my own "speculative naturalism"), he does answer to the question of why his view is still relevant for theism, even if through the power of art.  The question becomes - as we are promised to have it answered in the last chapter - can art replace religion?  Indeed this is a radical question, but one that was familiar to those sources that Corrington is returning to, namely the German romantics or a philosophy of the sublime more generally.

Chapter Three is called "God-ing and Involution."  Involution refers to the way in which there is "a movement seeming to come into the world from elsewhere.  Something is entering into a state of affairs that was bereft of that content or force before the ingression." The content of the ingression is "larger than human, divine, or religious."  Put differently a few sentences later, it is explained that involution is of "a true sacred power that opens out the evolutionary matrix to an opening and a clearing that creates a space for a different kind of adaptation for the organism...[having] to do with the possibilities of meaning for the attending organism."  Involution is experienced as a radical break from antecedent and present experience in all of its evolutionary modes.  In my judgment, there are moments of Corrington's exposition of involution that sound similar to my own theory of "ecstatic transcendence" as presented in Charles Sanders Peirce and a Religious Metaphysics of Nature.  In other words, a fully naturalized form of transcendence is presented in such a way that forms of life - not just the human - are capable of being presented a contrast between finite and infinite: a more ecological understanding of what transcendence means.  In this way involution is part of the way deity enters into and modifies evolution.  Deity cannot be construed as a personality or a figure of monotheistic tradition.  Rather, it is a process that has no teleological plan or cosmic mind of its own.  As a process Corrington suggests the term "god-ing" to capture the complex power afforded by the involuting process as well as the infinitizing nature of its actualization.  As Corrington writes, "The energy of involution, experienced as a form of god-ing that intersects with my selving process, helps provide me with a brief free space of non-instrumental semiosis in which I can open up novel prospects for more complex adaptations to my various environments, social and natural."

God-ing represents a unique turn for C3.  Before, in "ecstatic naturalism," Spirit had the role of healing and smoothing over the dark and taciturn edges of a nature gone wild - one that is utterly indifferent to human needs and concerns.  This was Corrington's concept of "natural grace."  Here, we are told that Spirit may be too idealistic to function within an aesthetic naturalist perspective.  God-ing is "the divine Somewhat."  Nature's canvas portrays all images and colors, dark and light alike, painful and joyous.  There is no "supernatural" mind aware of a conscious plan to offer telic redemption.  Thus God-ing is "not that of some kind of higher mind or some super being that is conscious of itself, entering into the sphere of finitude in order to launch a specific plan for the ‘redemption’ of the world.  Rather, it is like a pulsation or microburst of pure expanding energy that cracks encrusted semiotic shells and clears a space for the rapid unfolding of novel semiosis."  The key idea here, as Corrington sees it, is to understand how this pulsation "publishes itself" and can be understood within the orders and complexes of nature natured.  In this Schopenhauer's Will and Emerson's aesthetic vision of nature both connect to the romantic fecund sphere of the beautiful and the sublime.  At this point, Corrington believes that aesthetic language transcends religious language.  The deity (god-ing) that we wish to express (understand) must be reshaped within the whole of nature.  Citing Emerson,    

Nothing is quite beautiful alone: nothing but is beautiful in the whole.  A single object is only so far beautiful as it suggests this universal grace.  The poet, the painter, the sculptor, the musician, the architect, seek each to concentrate this radiance of the world on one point, and each in his several work to satisfy the love of beauty which stimulates him to produce.  Thus is Art, a nature passed through the alembic of man.  Thus in art, does nature work through the will of a man filled with the beauty of her first works.  (Emerson 1836: 18-19)  

How does involution, then, relate to this aesthetic appropriation of god-ing?  In a rather poignant passage, Corrington writes that, 
Involution works through beauty to cloth the selving process with the richest possible textures, tones, motions, and shapes of nature.  But nature need not be reshaped by the human process in order to manifest and be beautiful.  The interactions between self and nature add another layer to the beautiful if only by intensifying what is already there.  And there is restlessness in our semiotic systems as they too struggle to embody and manifest the beautiful in their robust forms of signification—especially in the actual infinite qua actualizing infinite.  
Chapter Four, "Genius, Art, and the Sublime" captures these themes and expands upon them.






  

Tuesday, December 4, 2012

Nature's Sublime review (Introduction and Chapter One)

PORTRAIT: Robert S. Corrington
Corrington's Introduction to Nature's Sublime: An Essay in Aesthetic Naturalism begins by stating, "some methods are better than others for particular tasks and that a judicious choice at the outset of philosophic exploration and query can make the difference between a fecund and powerful portrayal of nature and a sterile and truncated caricature of the world and its innumerable orders."  Four dimensions are at stake: the human process; the nature of human communities; the powers of religion; and the nature and power of art.  Corrington lays out a four-fold methodological "prism" in the sense that nature is to be explored in a methodical manner which "reveals" rather than "claims" the positive and general metaphysical characteristics of a reality.  This reality can be refracted via a number of specified natural orders.

In the positive of metaphysical truth (thus following the great speculative philosophers but also the systematicists, e.g. Hegel, Leibniz, Hartshorne), what is revealed within an advent of truth is indeed a claim, but the claim of natura naturans and not (merely) human doxa.  Indeed, nothing short of a metaphysical demonstration through a thoroughly naturalist metaphysics is the goal of the method chosen here. Yet, if epistemology is made secondary to metaphysics by virtue of method alone, then what of "the human process"?  How are we to approach a method of query that may import human, all too human, contrivances upon a subject matter whose categories and principles define the very correlation of the human to it?  In classical form: what of a transcendental methodology that may used within a realist metaphysics designed to traverse (but also account for) the natural in its most generic and pervasive scope?  Thus we are met with the problem of correlationism in its classical form, and Corrington provides a brilliant response.

Corrington writes, "the term “metaphysics” refers to the study and articulation of the most pervasive traits of the one nature that there is.   For Dewey metaphysics is the study of the “generic traits of existence,” while for Buchler it is the exploration of “whatever is in whatever way it is.”  And for aesthetic naturalism metaphysics is the analysis of the potencies of nature naturing and of the innumerable orders of nature natured (or “creation” in a monotheism).  Ordinal phenomenology replaces both the hermeneutic and transcendental kind.  Ordinal phenomenology, for Corrington, uses pyschoanalysis as its conceptual medium within metaphysical philosophy.  As nature (and the human process) are both fully natural and semiotic, the method struggles to "describe the generic traits of nature with as much openness to the 'way' and 'how' of nature..."  The mixture of ordinal phenomenology and psychosemiotics (semiotic psychoanalysis) is ordinal psychoanalysis.  Corrington writes, "Ordinal psychoanalysis will struggle to illuminate the rhythms of the unconscious as they directly impinge on the shaping and unfolding of meanings in the intra-psychic and inter-psychic spheres.  One of the most striking aspects of this dual approach will be the phenomenology of the unconscious of nature and of the human unconscious that is rooted in nature’s unconscious." 

The methodological move here is important enough to warrant being called out as the high point of the Introduction  In it phenomenological "description" is repitched as a sort of abductive argument rather than being taken to mean some form of human reportage of appearances, the traditional definition of phenomenology.  The goal is to convert phenomenological descriptions as seen an sich into natural modes and orders.  Following Peirce (and the importance of "musement" in Peirce), abduction is thus a strategic transcendental move.  Nature's "how," its "unfolding way" of orders is presented in terms of "traits" rather than "essences."  Trait language, as well shall see, proves to be metaphysically more inclusive if phenomenology is used from within an ordinal perspective.  From Corrington's methodological standpoint, there is no such thing as the trait of traits or the order of orders.  There is no "nature" - no "it" to refer to.  Rather, we have a nature that is whatever is, in whatever mode it is.  Anything that can be in any way contributes to one's analysis.   

Chapter One is titled, "Selving."  Beginning with the orders of nature Corrington focuses first on the process of individuation as it is found within the human order.  Doing so pulls psychoanalysis and semiotic analysis closer together within the ordinal perspective.  Individuation of psychical life reflects individuation on the level of "externalizations of semiotic life."   As Corrington puts it, "Ordinal psychoanalysis is that branch of psychosemiotics that focuses most directly on the pathology and healthy aspects of selving per se."  Fundamental to this process of individuation is "will," a concept understood in usage by Schopenhauer.

The Will is most importantly found operating within: within our own bodies, within our own psyches.  However, the Will does not just operate within the human, it operates and moves all things:

Not only in those phenomena that are quite like his own, in human beings and animals, will he acknowledge the same will as their innermost essence, but further reflection will lead him to recognize as well the force that drives and vegetates in plants, even the force by which crystals form, that turns the magnet toward the North Pole, that produces a shock when two heterogeneous metals are brought into contact…. It is that which is innermost, the core of every individual thing and likewise of the whole: it makes its appearance in every blindly effectual natural force; it also makes its appearance in the reflectively considered actions of human beings. (Schopenhauer 1819: 148)

Shriven by this Will, the self is "bi-sected" in process.  Using Heidegger's fundamental "ontological difference," Corrington asserts a natural difference between nature naturing and nature natured.  The Will is the closest analogue one has to nature naturing.  The Will found within this "difference" is a fissuring that opens out within the self, differentiating conscious life from the unconscious.  However, there is no greater teleology involved here with the creation of consciousness, no higher and higher telic consciousness emerges from nature naturing "willing" - propelling and pulling, fissuring and individuating.  If one were pressed, so says Corrington, nature's "Will" would be largely unconscious and indifferent to human needs.  Without this primordial structure, on the other hand, nature would not "be."  In essence, this is what distinguishes Corrington from most other process thinkers.  Nature is not to be "sugar coated."  Individuation casts the self as a foundling, where its conditions of origin are indifferent to what is created.  In terms of an ordinal metaphysics, one can only remain indifferent in return to such an origin.  Without a telic whence and whither, the "multi-forms" of semiosis come and go, weaving this way and that, ultimately "back" into the origin from where the self was individuated.
   



Monday, December 3, 2012

Corrington's new book: Nature's Sublime: an Essay in Aesthetic Naturalism (Preface)

PORTRAIT: Robert S. Corrington
Robert S. Corrington's tenth book, Nature's Sublime: An Essay in Aesthetic Naturalism, marks a major shift in Corringtonian thought to a third phase now being referred to as "Corrington 3" or C3 for short.  Immediately one notices the hallmark of C3: aesthetic naturalism, as that term is found in the book's subtitle - "An Essay in Aesthetic Naturalism."  Is this new Corringtonian naturalism still ecstatic, however?  What are the new features of this new Corrington?  What remains the same?

In a way, Corrington is returning to his roots in aesthetics as informed by two major influences: German romanticism and idealism (through Schopenhauer and to some degree Kant) and "psychosemiotics" (psychoanalysis understood through the lens of semiotic theory).  Phenomenology and Justus Buchler's ordinal metaphysics are both not forgotten either, as they are combined in a new method which Corrington calls "empathic" ordinal phenomenology.

In another way, though, Corrington 3 is new territory.  The regions of self, community, religion, and nature - themes predominant in books such as The Community of Interpreters or Nature & Spirit: An Essay in Ecstatic Naturalism - books of "Corrington 1" - are present.   But each of these themes are radically recast with a new aesthetics in mind.  The aesthetics that Corrington is interpreting here is one which takes the sublime as its key motif.  The sublime, we are told, reveals what is most essential about natura naturans ("nature naturing") and its relationship to "the human process," a Buchlerian term designating a "self" understood as creative agent - an agent requiring ordinal treatment for its ecological and aesthetic dimension defies "traditional" phenomenological analysis.  The split between nature naturing and nature natured is taken up with the sublime in mind, and how the human being relates psychoanalytically, semiotically, to the sublime, is a major theme of the book.


Sunday, December 2, 2012

wolf preserve across the river

We are going to Lakota Wolf Preserve in Columbia, New Jersey.  I wasn't aware of this little gem, but my sister had mentioned it on Thanksgiving Day and we found these reviews of the place, so it definitely seems worth checking out.  Afterall, we're less than 10 minutes away across the river on the Pennsylvania side.

On the preserve's website there is a nice photo gallery and it seems like you can get some good snapshots.  I'll post to my Picasa whatever good shots I happen to get. 

Also worth noting are some upcoming events at Pocono Environmental Education Center.  We are going to go on the "Hibernation Hike."  Some of their other activities looks interesting as well.

Winter is upon us here in the Poconos!  It certainly is beautiful, and while grim and cold, it is still one of my favorite seasons.  In fact, that grimness and coldness is part of the Pocono winter's natural beauty.







Tuesday, November 20, 2012

Brassier and speculative idealism: the vital negative (MP3 download)

HT noir realism for originally posting this HERE, the text and citation are his.  I think this is important because it further clarifies the new directions that Ray's thought seems to be taking (the quote is older - from 2010 - but it is a fairly strong statement that isn't mentioned much).

I find these directions extremely congenial, actually.  Alot of this matches up with the hints that Brassier provided in the After Nature interview, where he stated that his work now converges and overlaps with the work of Iain Hamilton Grant. To be fair to Ray, he is remarking about the appropriate role reason and concepts play in speculative philosophy, where Hegel may be a model (a complete transcript of the talk can be found HERE).

Despite this emphasis on reason, much emphasis is also placed on "the vital negative" - that "absolute intensity" which produces and powers intensive matter in-itself.  The trick is to understand how thought, conceptual rationality, is infused within this matter as a form of its self-representation in a way that "necessitates transformation at the level of practical existence."  
…I consider myself an idealist, opposed to a materialist, as I insist on the need to preserve the relative autonomy of thinking, and the cogency and the consistency of thinking, and of conceptual rationality, precisely in order to be able to adjudicate the relationship between thinking and reality, between theory and practice, and also it’s an enabling condition for practice. In other words, if you try to fuse thought into material reality indiscriminately, I think that leads to an impotent short-circuit. So I would insist on defending the representational structures that are simply attacked… it’s a caricature of representation that’s being attacked, it’s a straw man. Representation here, and theoretical representation in particular, is a straw man.
I want to defend the imperatives of conceptualization, and even a kind of dialectics, as although I agree with what Nick says about the way in which death is a marker for real identity of matter itself, the point is that you should never confuse the symbolic marker for the thing in itself. You need a much more careful and subtle articulation of those terms–actually, between zero, one, and two–to explain the autonomy of thought and rationality and of thinking. Not to put too fine a point on it, so that you can maintain and generate a locus of rational agency. In other words, keep a space of subjectivation open that provides a prism for practical incision, a point of insertion. And that has to be done, and I think this involves re-examining the legacy of Hegel, and of Hegelianism. In other words, to maintain a kind of conceptual rationality that necessitates transformation at the level of practical existence. It requires a lot of theoretical work to do this. I would insist on the need to preserve the autonomy of rationality as something that allows you to intervene, to cut, in the continuity.

Monday, November 19, 2012

Simondon's "transindividual" and a nonreductive relationalism

This is on my reading list for some research that I am doing on the metaphysics of individuation, but in the meantime "The Genesis of the Individual" and "On the Mode of the Existence of Technical Objects" will suffice.

Also linking Shaviro's recent post on this book, to come back to later.

a characterization of naturalism

From time to time I read Alexander Pruss's blog, although admittedly he is from a completely different tradition than the one that I work within (he is basically an analytic theist or "analytic philosopher of religion").  But this is not to take away from some fairly good content that I find on his site.

In a recent post Alexander defines naturalism as a view stating,
that objectively speaking in itself there is nothing numinous: Nothing holy or sacred, but only the good or right; nothing sinful or unholy, but only the morally wrong; nothing uncanny or eldritch, but only the unusual or the scary; nothing aweful, but only the impressive; nothing mysterious, but only the puzzling or the strange; nothing fascinating, but only the attractive; nothing sublime, but only the beautiful.
I find this problematic on a number of fronts, but mostly because I tend to think that his analytic orientation has cut him off from those naturalisms which do admit the numinous: the holy or sacred, understood simply as the deeply natural and sublime.

In reading Corrington's new manuscript for example I am now certain more than ever that the "supernatural" within nature is what we may simply call the deeply natural.

Often times it is supposed that a naturalist cannot have a sense for sublimity and depth, the "more" or excess without remainder of experience.  This is not to say that, in principle, absolute knowledge of this remainder isn't possible. 

But, we may say that nature's astonishing character is most profoundly found in its power of transformation and the orders of magnitude that it possesses.  This is a realist view about nature, not about the human response to nature.  Thus "ecstasy" is a metaphysical characterization of the world, it is not being religiously transfixed somehow.  Nature itself is "ecstatic" in the original sense of the word - it possesses an "outside"or "beyond" the world which is already "within" it, whether this "beyond" is a temporal structure of reality, or whether this "beyond" is a potential or power for ontogenesis found within all things or before all things; these ideas can be interpreted in a number of ways.  Yet it is this ecstatic form of naturalism which emphasizes being aware of one's finitude, but also being able to transcend that finitude: in studying the natural world, in metaphysical theology, in science, but also in ecology, environmental studies, aesthetics, and so on.  It is the world - nature - which is ecstatic, and that is what the naturalist marvels over.  I believe that this is what Schelling had in mind for example when he crowned his own theology of nature with aesthetics.

In a way, speculation, then, as a philosophical procedure and task, is itself "ecstatic."  For far too long as philosophers we were told that our relationship to reality, nature, was conditioned and finite (correlationism, Kantian philosophy).  The "great outdoors" was barred from us.  But for Jaspers, for example, "ecstasy," transformation, was possible through metaphysical philosophy.  For me, and following Jaspers to some degree, transcendence first means: crossing that boundary which first encloses the human.  That is what I mean by ecstatic transcendence.  In all cases it means stepping outside of and going beyond that correlation which immediately encloses us.  This is at once theological and speculative (idealism), but it is at once also fully realist and materialist, insofar as those sustaining and generative conditions - the "beyond" the immediately human and its correlate - is part of reality and not "just" the thought of reality.

Perhaps the ultimate "beyond" in this form of transcendence would be to transcend to a beyond being itself, nonbeing.  This mystical enlightenment would be a union with that which is not only nonhuman, but not being in in its absolute form: not being or a that which is not yet.

Perhaps this is why for someone like Aristotle, speculative philosophy and theology, insofar as first principles and conditions are concerned, were taken to be one.

Sunday, November 18, 2012

Latour and natural religion

Facing Gaia: A new inquiry into Natural Religion





Facing Gaia. A New Inquiry into Natural Religion

 

Lecture Series Presented by Bruno Latour 

Feb. 18-23, 2013 - University of Edinburgh


There could be no better theme for a lecture series on natural religion than that of Gaia, this puzzling figure that has emerged recently in public discourse from Earth science as well as from many activist and spiritual movements. The problem is that the expression of ”natural religion” is somewhat of a pleonasm, since Western definitions of nature borrow so much from theology. The set of lectures attempts to decipher the face of Gaia in order to redistribute the notions that have been packed too tightly into the composite notion of ”natural religion”.

1. Once Out of Nature

The set of questions around the two words “natural religion” implies that only the second word is a coded and thus a disputed category, the first one being taken for granted and uncoded. But if it can be shown that the very notion of nature is a theological construct, we might be able to shift the problem somewhat: the question becomes not to save or resurrect “natural religion”, but to dispose of it by offering at last a ”secular” version of nature and of the natural sciences.

2. A Question of Agency

Once nature and the natural sciences are fully ”secularized”, it becomes possible to revisit also the category of the supernatural. Then, a different landscape opens which can be navigated through an attention to agencies and their composition. Such a freedom of movement allows the use of the rich anthropological literature to compare the ways different “collectives” manage to assemble and totalize different sets of agencies.

3. Gaia’s Puzzling Features

In spite of its reputation, Gaia is not half science and half religion. It offers a much more enigmatic set of features that redistribute agencies in all possible ways (as does this most enigmatic term “anthropocene”). Thus, it is far from clear what it means to “face Gaia”. It might require us to envisage it very differently from the various divinities of the past (including those derived from nature).

4. How Many Globes Can be Held on an Angel’s Fingertip?

The paradox of what is called “globalization” is that there is no “global globe” to hold the multitude of concerns that have to be assembled to replace the “politics of nature” of former periods. What are the instruments —always local and partial— that are sensitive enough to Gaia’s components for the limited technical and emotional apparatus of assembled humans?

5. War of the Worlds: Humans Against Earthlings

In the absence of any Providence to settle matters of concern — and thus of nature, its barely disguised substitute — no peaceful resolution of Gaian conflicts can be expected. The recognition of a state of war and the designation of enmity is indispensable if a state of diplomacy is later to be reached. Under the pressure of so many apocalyptic injunctions, what is a Gaian political theology?

6. St. Christopher you’re not Strong Enough to Carry the World!

Although the resources of “paganism”, New Age cults, renewed themes of Christian incarnation, and process theology offer rich mythological insights, it is not clear whether they are at the scale and sensitivity needed to face Gaia. A search for collective rituals should begin with works of art and experiments able to explore in sufficient detail the scientific and political composition of the common world.

(HT knowledge ecology - link HERE - for a similar post to the one that I am repeating here.)

Wednesday, November 14, 2012

Dewey paper from Barnes Foundation and IU Honors talk (download)

Link HERE.  The paper provides a process "neo-classical" reading of Dewey's aesthetics using Plato.  The paper is largely non-technical as it was intended for a lay audience. 

Friday, November 9, 2012

darklife: negation, nothingness, and the will-to-life in Schopenhauer

Continuing on with the theme of Schopenhauer for today, I never realized that Schopenhauer was so adored by dark vitalists, transcendental nihilists, etc. etc.

Schopenhauer makes a fine alternative if one doesn't find Bergson's vitalism to taste. The question boils down to whether there is a role for "negativity" in Bergson (perhaps even as an attitude, pessimism) or whether positive creative-addition debars that automatically.

Can there ever be real loss in a universe which preserves all in the objective immortality of the past?  This Bergsonian/Whiteheadian view of a cumulative durational succession would be contrasted with Schopenhauer's belief that, "Time is that by virtue of which everything becomes nothingness in our hands and loses all real value."

"Darklife: Negation, Nothingness, and the Will-to-Life in Schopenhauer," by Eugene Thacker, Parrhesia 12 (2011):  12-27. 

Thursday, November 8, 2012

Call for Papers: Futures of Schelling Conference - Western University, Canada

Second Meeting of the North American Schelling Society.  HT Ben Woodard from naught thought blog.  Here is the cfp.  I am definitely submitting to this!

Futures of Schelling: The Second Conference of the North American Schelling Society

Western University London, ON Canada – August 29- September 1, 2013

With the recent resurgence of interest in Schelling he is no longer just a “vanishing mediator” (in Žižek’s phrase) between Idealism and Heideggerian or postHeideggerian thought. Schelling is being read in interesting ways both within this tradition and outside it. The North American Schelling Society’s second annual conference seeks to address the broad theme of the futures that Schelling opens up, in his own work, in the work of contemporaries or predecessors that he helps us to reconceptualize, and in the way his work informs or can inform subsequent and future philosophical, theoretical, and interdisciplinary work. Possible topics might include:
  • How Schelling helps us rethink the work of contemporaries (such as Hegel) or predecessors (such as Boehme)
  • Schelling and subsequents theorists and philosophers who have taken up his work (such as Habermas, Žižek, Heidegger, Nancy)
  • Schelling’s impact on and significance for the style of philosophical thinking and writing
  • Schelling as a returning and retreating origin for disciplines other than philosophy (e.g. psychoanalysis, aesthetics, anthropology)
  • Trends in Schelling scholarship
  • The significance of the analytic utilization of Hegel (by Brandom, McDowell etc.) for Schelling scholarship
  • Schelling’s relation to emerging technologies
  • How Schelling can help us think about the environmental crisis
  • Schelling and the sciences
Good papers that are simply on Schelling are, of course, also welcome. Please send either 1000 word abstracts or completed papers of 3000-5000 words to Tilottama Rajan (trajan@uwo.ca) AND Sean McGrath (sjoseph.mcgrath@gmail.com) by February 1st 2013.

Submissions will be blind-vetted, so please remove all identifying information from the actual paper or abstract.

Tuesday, November 6, 2012

what I'm reading

To the end of completing a new article that I've been sketching in rough outline, I've been reading two philosophers again and again: Plato and Bergson.  To this perhaps unlikely combination I would add another strange bedfellow: Arthur Schopenhauer.

I've just finished up a large chunk of research concerning the implicit normative nature of the dynamic-sensible conditions which are responsible for animating "affective" judgments - especially the sort of judgments involved within the domain of ethics.  My goal is to articulate how those judgments relate to ethical (and perhaps even political) Ideas - a physics of the Idea within the domain of ethical theory, really. 

To my mind, Plato and Bergson are a much, much better combination than, say, Aristotle and Leibniz or Lucretius and Spinoza if one is looking to explore the metaphysical foundations of ethics and affectivity, as those combinations (necessarily, it appears) seem to lead one to either a vast competitive powers pluralism or a reactionary ethical materialism of self-serving "dog eat dog" monads.  (N.B.  I must say, however, that Hartshorne's ethical treatment of Leibnizian monads in Whiteheadian vein - that is, as societies of occasions guided by a dominant monarchical monad, is something that I look favorably upon due to my metaphysical commitment to panpsychism and panentheism.  For more information on that see the section "Social Process," HERE.)   

Still, in my research I seemed to be missing one piece of the puzzle that Bergson was pointing to when it comes to discerning the objective "sources" for morality - sources that cannot be reduced to or found within centers of specifically human consciousness.  Enter one Arthur Schopenhauer. 

I first must say that Schopenhauer made his way into my purview most recently when I was writing about Deleuze and aesthetics (the article that I just published for AJTP).  We also read plenty of Schopenhauer this semester as part of a reading group that we just finished up, "Philosophers of the Unconscious: Schelling and Schopenhauer."  And Schopenhauer's aesthetics is just something that I am generally interested in.  So perhaps it was just a matter of time before I turned my attention to his ethics.

I'll leave this endorsement open for the reader: go read Schopenhauer's book on ethics, The Two Fundamental Problems of EthicsThe point is that even though Schopenhauer would seem to endorse a competitive powers ontology where an infinite number of centers of willing strive to live at the expense of other living things, that is hardly the case.  Rather, Schopenhauer explains how, given such a competition, acts of compassion are possible.  Enter a theory of affectivity, in addition an ethical-aesthetic theory conducive to the sort of ethics of openness and compassion purported by Henri Bergson. 

To boot, Schopenhauer's ethics of affectivity knits well with animal ethics; that is, of explaining how genuine acts of compassion are possible among all living beings, not just the human, and so we are urged toward an openness of affectivity and relation "beyond" the human, to human and nonhuman alike.

"Transcendence" thus first means: crossing that limit which encloses the human being.

Monday, November 5, 2012

mathematics, vitalism, genesis


Mathematics, Vitalism, Genesis

This paper examines Deleuze's critical relation to the vitalist tradition by looking at the ways in which he uses differential calculus as a philosophical rather than mathematical concept. This has direct implications not only for the ways in which we approach art philosophically, but also for the ways in which we think about art's relation to time.

Claire Colebrook (Penn State University)

probing the idea of nature

I came across this today, not knowing that the essay was online: Justus Buchler's rather famous essay, "Probing the Idea of Nature."  The essay is found as an appendix essay in Metaphysics of Natural Complexes.

Buchler's metaphysical approach anticipates many contemporary categorical determinations of natural items in the universe given his own dual concepts of "natural complex" and "order."  Additionally, his concepts of "ordinality" and "ontological parity" both answer to the empty husked nature of anti-theological sensu stricto material ontologies that hide within what I call "stone age naturalism" - an antiquated form of naturalism which touts being "flat," despite requiring "depth" in order to explain the fleeing inner life of what is naturally complex (thus a motion toward a secret interior - transcendence - the deep "supernatural" interior of innumerable orders and complexes among innumerable continua, broken by innumerable discreta).  

As I interpret ordinal ontology, it seems that depth signals the locus production-point of a complex, of a "perspective" (Buchler would not read panpsychism into his complexes and orders). The production-point of a complex is each complex's own aesthetic and semiotic but also mathematizable interior (being individuated as an order which is always naturally complex), a space of possible communicative expression, each complex its own interior point of self-expression and zone of "being-related" - whether to its own future-temporal self or to other complexes - by virtue of possessing an infinitesimal infinitizing power - the generative source for any complex's meaning-activity whether fleeing or persisting, relating or individuating, constituting or being constituted.  

Buchler wrote his dissertation on C. S. Peirce, "Charles Peirce's Empiricism," and he was a philosophical sparring partner of Whitehead, Dewey, and Hartshorne.

Here are some relevant pieces about Buchler, if one is interested.  All are written by Robert S. Corrington (as found on his own website) whose philosophy is inspired by Buchler's metaphysics, as by others as well.
  1. "An Appraisal and Critique of Alfred North Whitehead's Process and Reality--corrected edition (1929 & 1978) and Justus Buchler's Metaphysics of Natural Complexes--second, expanded edition (1966 & 1990)," (Published by author, 2009). [download]
  2. "Horizons and Contours: Toward an Ordinal Phenomenology," Metaphilosophy, Vol. 22, No. 3, 1991, pp. 179-189. [download abstract]
  3. "Conversation Between Justus Buchler and Robert S. Corrington," The Journal of Speculative Philosophy: New Series, Vol. 3, No. 4, 1989, pp. 261-274.  
  4. "Justus Buchler's Ordinal Metaphysics and the Eclipse of Foundationalism," International Philosophical Quarterly, vol. 25, No. 3, September 1985, pp. 289-98. Winner of Greenlee Prize . [download]

Sunday, November 4, 2012

Call for Papers: "From Aesthetica to Aesthetic Theory" (German Aesthetic Theory Since 1700) - Emory University Graduate Philosophy Conference

By now I'm sure most know about the upcoming Villanova and Duquesne Graduate Philosophy conferences (cfp's HERE and HERE respectively), as those links have been posted on several blogs already. 

Here is one by Emory which hasn't made the rounds so I'll post it.  It certainly looks interesting (short link HERE):




Call for Papers:

From Aesthetica to Aesthetic Theory:

German Aesthetic Theory Since 1700

Keynote Speaker: Rachel Zuckert, Northwestern University
Emory University (Atlanta, GA)
April 26-27, 2013

“Artificial aesthetics, or the science of the beautiful… dissolves, as far as it is able to do so, precisely that which was habitual, that which was beautiful nature, and, as it were,destroys it in the same moment. It is precisely that beautiful confusion–which, if it is not the mother, is at least the inseparable companion of all pleasure–that artificial aesthetics dissolves and seeks to illuminate with distinct ideas: truth takes the place of beauty.” – J.G. Herder, Critical Forests: Fourth Grove

18th century German philosopher Alexander Baumgarten is credited with coining the term aesthetics as deserving of its own philosophic study. In the centuries following Baumgarten aesthetics remained an inextricable part of German intellectual history. Aesthetics and the philosophy of art can be traced through the work of Herder, Kant, Schiller, Hegel, Schelling, Heidegger, Adorno, Gadamer, and Sloterdijk, to mention only a few. This conference seeks to address the importance and impact of the German aesthetic tradition, from its inception in the 18th Century to the present. Some questions we hope to address are: Does aesthetics offer a special case for study of subjectivity and intersubjectivity? How does the aesthetic experience and art influence our interactions with and within the world? Can works of art (and aesthetics, more broadly) affect, and even institute, ethical and political communities? What role, if any, does universality play in standards of taste? What is the significance of the emergence of the German aesthetic tradition in response to the Enlightenment? We would also welcome all submissions addressing the relation of aesthetics and nature in the German aesthetic tradition, including but not limited to: beauty and the sublime, expressivism, the relation of the body to the work of art and nature, the relation of the German aesthetic tradition to other traditions, and the relation of aesthetics to other areas of philosophy.

Papers from all philosophical perspectives are encouraged. Submissions should be sent as .docx, or .doc, and should not exceed 15 double-spaced pages. Personal information should be sent in the body of the email and should not appear on the paper itself. Email submissions to Osman Nemli at: onemli@emory.edu

SUBMISSION DEADLINE: JANUARY 15, 2013

Monday, October 29, 2012

the fantasy of speculative realism: Zupančič on Meillassoux and SR (VIDEO/MP3 from Oct. 2012)

Alenka Zupancic, Slovenian philosopher and psychoanalyst, discusses Quentin Meillassoux and After Finitude, speculative realism, Jacques Lacan, Immanuel Kant, psychoanalysis, fantasy, the discourse of science, materialism, contingency, nature, correlation, and Slavoj Žižek...

The foundation for Alenka Zupančič's philosophical work is influenced primarily by Slovenian Lacanian scholars, such as Mladen Dollar and Slavoj Žižek, but also uses the tools and methodologies of classical philosophers, including Immanuel Kant, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, and Henri Bergson.

Zupacic will be speaking at this year's Villanova University Philosophy Graduate Conference - Apocalyptic Politics: Reframing the Present.  HT dmf. 

Wednesday, October 24, 2012

Conditions of Possibility CUNY Panel: Žižek, Hägglund, Johnston (VIDEO from Oct. 2012)

Description: Slavoj Žižek joins Martin Hägglund and Adrian Johnston in a discussion about “Conditions of Possibility,” with respect to philosophy, literary theory, religion, and psychoanalysis. Drawing on such diverse and archetypal figures as Kant, Hegel, Freud, Derrida, and Lacan, the panel will explore the notion of philosophical critique and its transformation in contemporary theory.

I'd love to tangle with Hägglund and Johnston (Johnston especially, I was working on something in response to his paper awhile back).  Per questions at end: I see the point, but the first or second question posed at the end of the talk picks out how Hägglund and Johnston seem to be begging the question with respect to substituting one transcendental argument for another (instead of demonstrating the need for preferring a specific set of nonreductive material-dynamical conditions -  i.e., logical-negative annihilation, rather than hyperchaotic creative-positive addition). 

Whitehead Conference - Claremont Graduate School

Experience and Reality - Conference on Whitehead at Claremont Graduate School - November 29th-December 1st, link HERE.  HT Jason/immanent transcendence blog.

Call for Papers: Ecstatic Naturalism 2013 Conference - Drew University



Call for papers for the The Third International Congress on Ecstatic Naturalism to be held at Drew University, Madison, NJ 07940 on April 12th and 13th, 2013.  Paper proposals of 500 words are welcome by January 15th on any aspect of the philosophy or theology of ecstatic naturalism, a perspective originally developed by Professor Robert S.Corrington.   

The theme of this year's Congress is the role of art and aesthetics in ecstatic naturalism, more specifically how the aesthetic sphere might augment or replace the sphere of religion both on a personal and a communal level.  Papers are also welcome on the comparison of ecstatic naturalism and process theology, the pre-history of ecstatic naturalism (process thought, pragmatism, phenomenology, naturalism, and speculative philosophy), the role of psychoanalysis in ecstatic naturalism,  and on applications of ecstatic application to other disciplines, such as anthropology, sociology, and psychology.   

The plenary speaker for the Congress is Ursula Goodenough, author of The Sacred Depths of Nature.

Papers or abstracts should be submitted to: lniemocz@mail.immaculata.edu

Monday, October 22, 2012

Papers from MaterialismS "the Ontological Turn in Contemporary Philosophy" Conference - Porto Alegre, Brazil (Oct. 2012)

See this LINK for some of the papers, or use this LINK for a break down of the conference.

In particular I am looking for Steven Shaviro's paper, "Uncorrelated Thought." THIS paper, "Notes Toward an Aesthetics of Thought" also stood out as a very interesting piece, as did THIS commentary (on Shaviro's paper which I am looking for).

If anyone has mp3s of this conference please get in touch.

Friday, October 19, 2012

an unexpected visitor


While on Kittatinny Ridge we met an unexpected visitor who was hiding in a tree: a very friendly porcupine.








Thursday, October 11, 2012

conference: continental philosophy of religion and the new metaphysics (feat. John Caputo)

Continental Philosophy of Religion and the New Metaphysics
(feat. John Caputo)

The conference will be a one day event (exact date tba, but in spring 2013), and we plan to feature a few big names to be announced soon.

The theme of the conference explores the relationship between continental philosophy of religion and "the new metaphysics" (speculative realism but also other forms of contemporary metaphysics, i.e. process, new materialist, actor-network, etc.), identifying possible routes of exploration as well as areas of influence and cross-over.

Philosophical naturalism (Brassier), the divine inexistence (Meillassoux), the Absolute (Grant), or factish gods (Latour) are some possible starting points, but one could also see discussion of historical figures as well: Bergson, Deleuze, Schelling, Hegel, and Whitehead, for example.  Topics such as process-relational philosophy, new materialism, speculative idealism, neo-vitalism, and actor-network theory will be of central importance for the conference, and speculative realism in its most contemporary forms will be a major point of discussion as it bleeds into its continental philosophical antecedents, especially vis-a-vis thinking about religion, theology, and the Absolute.

If you'd like to get in touch about the possibility of presenting, email me for details.  Again, an "official" CFP should go out late November.